Monthly Archives: November 2016

Assignment three: Reflection

Artist Statement

I have chosen not to have an artist statement with this piece as I enjoy finding out what other people see in it.


The spheres were based on microscope images of pollen grains and follow on from my use of spheres in Part 2.

Several other elements of the sculpture were then influenced by the work of Lee Bontecou whose books I am reading at the moment (Bontecou et al., 2008 and Bontecou et al., 2014). The first influence is in the production of a wall piece, which a large number of her pieces are, the second is the use of a dark holes in the piece.

I was hoping to display my work alongside hers here, but I can’t find any images on the web which I can be sure I am allowed to use, so will have to make do with a link:


My holes are similarly organic in shape and have a black fabric background. I also use steel, although in flat sheets rather than as a framework for fabric. Bontecou’s sculptures are also more 3D than mine, although they still make use of flat planes.

Interestingly, Danto (Danto, 2016) likens Bontecou’s work to Robert Hooke’s Micrographia (an early microscopist), and her mobile work makes use of sphere shapes, so my pollen grain spheres fit with her work in this respect as well.

The final source of inspiration then probably originates from my day job as a GIS officer where I use map layers on top of each other for display and analysis. This sculpture makes similar use of two layers of steel.

So far, I have had comments on it that fall into three different categories:


  • The night sky with stars / star forms / Glimpsing through galaxy black holes to new stars
  • the Universe, especially lakes on mars
  • Space creatures
  • Planets
  • another Death star from star wars


  • Viruses (apoptosis)
  • Blood and cells
  • Nuclii staring out like eyes


  • Sea mines
  • Sea urchins
  • Puffer fish
  • the sea and the underwater wilderness
  • rocks with pockets of natural treasure

That no-one guessed the source of my inspiration is of no concern to me as it was only very loosely based on pollen grains (and only the sphere part of it). The fact that it raised so many comments and people saw such different things in it is very pleasing to me I have commented previously that in my art I hope to stir a number of emotions with my art:

  • Beauty
  • Intrigue
  • Discovery
  • Spark of imagination
  • Playfulness

I think this sculpture fulfils this brief so I am very pleased with the way it has turned out.

Overall this sculpture worked out as I planned it, the main thing I should have done differently was to plan the sculpture to include the black background at the outside, although my final solution did work.

There are two areas which could be improved:

  1. The felt background works well around the spheres where it nestles them. However, in the smaller flat spaces it lacks depth. These areas would be improved by recessing the black background.

  2. The steel rods holding the spheres in position distract from the idea of the spheres in the holes.

These issues could be addressed by adding another sheet at the back of the sculpture painted black to act as the background to the holes (this might need to be curved up at the ends to ensure the edge couldn’t be viewed through the holes if looked at from an angle). The spheres could then be made complete by welding the cut out piece back onto them after casting, drilling and tapping a hole through the back piece. Then a threaded rod could be welded to the back sheet (before painting it black) and the sphere screwed onto this rod.

It is a very heavy sculpture, so requires a strong wall fixing. It could be made lighter by using aluminium, painting it with iron paint and rusting it, or possibly by using thinner steel (although I would worry about the sheets buckling or denting). Whether these would work as well is questionable though.


This would also work well as smaller framed pictures which could hang on a normal picture hook if the thinnest steel possible was used and the bronze was as thin as possible. I may try this out.

I also did some sketches on how to produce this sculpture in a similar style to Lee Bontecou:


This is also something I would like to pursue in the future (too many ideas, not enough time!).

The use of sphere in sculpture has a lot of possibilities, having used these in this assignment and the previous stage when working with planes. They also offer a less expensive way of using bronze as the bulk of the sculpture can be in cheaper steel, with small details in bronze (for instance in archways).


Pollen grains are a good source of inspiration for these, as are many other subjects:

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Googling for other artists to compare my work again came up with Colin Letts (Letts, 2016) who looks like he also uses pollen grains for inspiration. Also, my Google image search for ‘sculpture bronze sphere steel’ came up with some images from this blog site, highlighting that this combination is not that common. Pursuing this combination is what I plan to do, both because I enjoy it and also because it will give me a unique selling point.


Bontecou, L., Smith, E., Philbin, A. and De Salvo, D. (2008). Lee Bontecou. 1st ed. Chicago: Museum of Contemporary Art.

Bontecou, L., White, M., Ashton, D. and Banach, J. (2014). Lee Bontecou. 1st ed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Danto, A. (2016). A Tribe Called Quest. [online] The Nation. Available at: [Accessed 2 Dec. 2016].

Letts, C. (2016). Bronze. [online] Collin Letts – Sculpture | Furniture | Accessories. Available at: [Accessed 2 Dec. 2016].

The Museum of Modern Art. (2016). Lee Bontecou. Untitled. 1959 | MoMA. [online] Available at: [Accessed 2 Dec. 2016].

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Assignment three: Final Piece

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Steel, bronze, mixed media

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Assignment three: Sculpture


The full size drawing was used as a template, the steel marked up and the holes plasma cut. Holes were drilled through the back plate and then marked through onto the front plate to position the threaded rods. These rods were then welded to the front plate. The surface of the steel was roughed up, encouraged to rust and left outside for a number of weeks to enable the rust to take hold. The rust was then sealed on using an acrylic medium.

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The spheres were created in hollow wax with a hole cut in it to allow the shell to be built up on both sides and a sprue for the bronze to come in. Spikes were added to the surface and it was setup ready to shell.


I liked the look of these spheres when setup like this, so I did contemplate changing the sculpture to use the shapes created and did some comparison sketches

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I decided to stick with the original plan though.

Once cast, they were tidied up and holes drilled through to fit a metal bar. This was then cut to size and bolts welded on the ends to fit the threaded rods and the bar welded to the sphere. The spheres were then patinated and sealed/polished.



The pieces were fitted together using copper pipe spacer and bolts.

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To hang it on the wall, I needed something which could take the weight so I used a full length piece of wood cut at 45 degress along it’s length and fitted one section to the sculpture and the other to the wall.

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The bronze and steel pieces fitted together well and it slotted onto the wall well. As suspected, the issue then was that it looked much better with a black background to the holes (but I hadn’t planned for that in the design).

I was running out of time and first tried a bodge job to get it finished enough to submit with the intention to go back to it later and sort it out:

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This worked from a full frontal view, but not if you looked at it from an angle, and the change in direction of the felt over the hanging bar could be seen, so it was by no means ideal. I couldn’t bring myself to leave it like this and decided I needed to go back and do it properly.

My solution was to use foamboard covered in black felt for the holes on their own. Then for the ones with spheres in, I covered them in material and cling film and built up a cover in mod-roc. This was then painted in acrylic and covered in black felt. These were then glued to the back of the steel sheet.

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The sculpture then worked from all angles and didn’t require alterations to the wall to make it work.

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Assignment three: Drawings

I had the idea quite clearly in my mind so I only made one sketch of how I expected it to look.


This worked for me, so the next drawing was done full sized to work out how it would fit together as a whole.


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Assignment three: Initial Ideas

From the initial research for this stage, Peter Randall-Page’s ‘Seed’ sculpture sparked an idea I had been mulling over before which was to look more closely at seeds/pollen microscopic images.

An idea came to me for a flat design which could be used for a door, or large wall piece. This also continues the theme of bronze spheres from part 2 of the course which turned out successfully.


The course asks for a relatively large sculpture around 60x60cm, but I am thinking more like 200x50cm for this piece. It would be a very heavy piece if constructed out of sheet steel, but it could look great. If I was to do it, there were a few questions to be answered first:

  1. Could I successfully weld thin steel? I melted holes in one of my planes pieces welding it and this would need to be as thin as possible if hanging it from a wall

  2. How could I attach the bronze pollen/seed balls to the steel without ruining the patinated surface? My box sculpture did this successfully with very small tacks, but my other planes sculpture lost some of its finish. A mechanical joint might be better, then it could be added after the steel has been rusted and treated

  3. Can I seal rusted steel more successfully? My box sculpture is now shedding some rust, so can’t have been fully sealed.

If I can sort out these issues, then I’m game to try something this large. Not sure what I do with it when it’s made, but never mind!

So, some experiments were started to resolve these issues and, at the same time, I experimented with options for the bronze spheres.

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Project Natural form: a direct abstract carving – Reflection


The form I have created is quite pleasing, but it doesn’t mean anything to me. It was created through randomly carving shapes and I don’t feel it has any of my voice in the final sculpture. I prefer to start from an idea and develop this through to a finished piece than starting with a blank canvas.

I am pleased with the colours I have achieved in the painting of this form and also with the textures created using the plaster modelling tools.

The form has similarities to Henry Moore – something my tutor pleaded with me at the outset not to produce!

I have no doubt that the form is not more interesting due to my lack of inspiration and involvement in the process.


As mentioned above, this is not my thing. I prefer modelling to carving, starting out with an idea rather than a blank canvas, and working in materials other than plaster. The painting and texturing will be carried forwards to other sculptures, but otherwise this is again not an area I plan on pursuing further.

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Project Natural form: a direct abstract carving – Final form

With metal rods added and the drill holes tidied up (I should have done this before painting the piece), this is how the piece looked:

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‘Organic carving’
Plaster, steel, acrylic paint

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Project Natural form: a direct abstract carving – Development drawings

I tried a few sketches whilst going along and when the initial form was complete.


However, I found it difficult to draw and struggled to get inspiration from the shape I had created. The idea of inserting spiked metal rods was to break the sculpture away from its initial appearance as a Henry Moore form.

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Project Natural form: a direct abstract carving – Initial form

Having gone small in the previous project, I decided to go larger in this one, or at least initially large in the cast block. I used a full 25kg bag of plaster to cast a block in a trug (a round shape to start with seemed to fit the idea of carving a natural form better than casting in a rectangular block).

The idea of this project was to carve without initial drawings, so where to start! I made a few large cuts to create the initial shape, then got to work with the chisel.

The plan with this project was to not make drawings for your final sculpture at the outset of the project, but rather to make drawings during the carving process.

Creating a basic natural form came from making a few large cuts/shapes initially, then smoothing them off and changing the shape as I went along. This is the shape I then arrived at:

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To be honest, this didn’t inspire me and I couldn’t think of any way to modify it to improve it. So I tidied up the shape I had. I tried sanding a section to see if that worked, but it didn’t suit a smooth surface, it needed some texture. So I went over the shape again with plaster modelling tools to give more pronounced texture and then sealed it with acrylic primer.

It was then painted again in bronze patina colours which worked better with this piece than the previous one.

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Project: A modelled organic abstraction of the human form – Reflection

Artist Statement

‘Organic Abstraction’

Designed to be made out of bronze and steel, this plaster form started life as a life drawing of a model’s knee. The form was abstracted and created with a mixture of modelling and carving techniques before adding fabric and painting to represent a bronze patina. The base is painted steel.


The transition from life drawing, to abstracted shape, to sculpture has worked well. The final sculpture retains similarities to the knee it was based on, but has become something much different now. It has similarities to sea shells or an alien egg shape.

The idea of the 45 degree steel base came to me as being painted blue, it seemed a very strong colour as I was painting it but I went for it and I think it does work well. It provides a strong contrast to the colours in the sculpture and emphasises the way it appears to float.


This was an interesting sculpture to develop and make, but I don’t feel it fits with my ‘voice’ so I don’t plan to develop this theme any further at the moment.

The 45 degree base and making the sculpture appear to float is an interesting way of displaying it which could work well for other pieces in the future.

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Project: A modelled organic abstraction of the human form – Final Piece

‘Organic abstration’
Plaster, steel, fabric, acrylic paint

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Project: A modelled organic abstraction of the human form – Sculpture

I initially thought I’d make a wire frame of the sculpture to start with, but didn’t have any strong enough wire


I then worked up a cardboard structure. I also went smaller than the first attempt, to allow the piece to be cast in bronze if it looked like it would work successfully in this medium, although this piece would seem to lend itself well to being translated into any size.

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I filled in the form with plaster bandages, then added plaster to the surface.


The surface was sanded and holes filled in with poyfilla until a smooth even surface was achieved.


I did some sketchbook tests of different material and PVA, concluding that multiple layers of thin scrim would give me the most interesting results.


This was added to the form


Finally, it was painted in acrylic paint to try to give the appearance of being made of bronze.

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I then had an idea about the stand – I had planned to have it laid on its side, but this didn’t really work very well, nor did having it stood up. Having a 45 degree metal plate for it to sit on seemed to offer the ideal alternative, so this is what I constructed:

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Project: A modelled organic abstraction of the human form – Developed drawings

These were less ‘developed drawings’ than working out how to construct the form and of how the texture might be added to it:

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